Agencies Responsible for regulating drones in the State of Ohio
Federal Aviation Administration
FAA Drone Website: https://www.faa.gov/uas/
UAS Laws – General rules for flying drones in Ohio
Drone operation in the State of Ohio is broadly governed by The Federal USA agency responsible for drone safety, the FAA. Click here for details on FAA USA Drone Laws.
In addition, the Ohio legislature has created a technology committee to review opportunities specific to Ohio drone operations. The highlights are enumerated below. For more details go to the links above and search for unmanned aircraft
Are drones allowed in Ohio?
Drones are allowed in Ohio for recreational and commercial use, subject to FAA regulations and flight controls put in place by local governments. Read on for details.
Specific additional drone use laws by Ohio State legislature
This law enacts Sec. 122.98 of the Revised Code to create the OAATC or Ohio Aerospace and Aviation Technology Committee. One of the duties is to promote, research, and further develop the aerospace, aviation, and technology industry, including unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs).
There is hereby created the Ohio aerospace and aviation technology committee, consisting of the following members:
- Three members of the senate, appointed by the president of the senate, not more than two of whom may be members of the same political party;
- Three members of the house of representatives, appointed by the speaker of the house of representatives, not more than two of whom may be members of the same political party;
- Fifteen members representing the aviation, aerospace, or technology industry, the military, or academia. One such member shall be appointed by the governor, and fourteen such members shall be appointed by majority vote of the six members representing the senate and house of representatives.
The duties of the committee shall include, but are not limited to, all of the following:
- Studying and developing comprehensive strategies to promote the aviation, aerospace,and technology industry throughout the state, including through the commercialization ofaviation, aerospace, and technology products and ideas;
- Encouraging communication and resource-sharing among individuals and organizationsinvolved in the aviation, aerospace, and technology industry, including business, themilitary, and academia;
- Promoting research and development in the aviation, aerospace, and technologyindustry, including research and development of unmanned aerial vehicles;
- Providing assistance related to military base realignment and closure.
Specific additional UAV laws by local governments within Ohio State
The city of Cleveland | Municipal Law (2016)
This ordinance gives the City of Cleveland police authorization to enforce drone laws set by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). The ordinance does not pre-empt FAA rules/regulations. It works in conjunction with them to promote better public safety by reorganizing limitations.
UAS operation rules in Parks, Recreation and Cultural Preserves
Anderson Township Parks | Park District Rule (2015)
This ordinance prohibits drones and other radio-controlled aircraft operations within all parks and facilities owned and managed by the township. The Executive Director may grant written permission to fly drones under certain circumstances.
Butler County | Metro Parks (Section 17 C – February 2022)
No persons shall operate drones or other remote-controlled aircraft in Metro Parks of Butler county outside of designated areas. The Executive Director may issue special use permits under certain conditions. Official exceptions for drone operations exist for law enforcement or medical responders operating within the line of duty.
Cincinnati Parks | Park Board Rule (2017)
This rule prohibits all drone operations in Cincinnati parks outside of designated areas. The only exception is with the written permission from the park’s board.
Hamilton County | Great Parks Rule (2015)
No drone pilots can operate unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) in any Great Parks of Hamilton without official written authorization from the Chief Executive Officer. Recreational pilots can apply by submitting a Private Drone Application form or a Commercial Drone Usage Application for business-related flying.
Specific additional laws in Jurisdictions within Ohio
Many cities or towns within the state of Ohio may have specific restrictions within their jurisdictions. We recommend checking the local jurisdiction for the latest regulations.
What you must know about Ohio No Fly Zones or No Drone Zones
You need to know if you can operate your drone, under what limitations, whether authorizations are required, and how to get those authorizations.
We encourage you to read our explainer for more details on this topic here: Explainer – What You Must Know About No Fly Zones or No Drone Zones
How do I check for no-fly zones, no-drone zones, and uncontrolled or controlled airspace in Ohio?
The FAA has partnered with Aloft to develop the B4UFLY mobile app, which can tell you if there are any airspace restrictions where you want to fly.
If you are looking for a drone no fly zone map then B4UFLY is a good place to start.
The app provides situational awareness to recreational flyers and other drone users. However, it does not allow users to obtain airspace authorizations to fly in controlled airspace, only available through the FAA’s Low Altitude Authorization and Notification Capability (LAANC).
The B4UFLY app is available to download for free:
B4UFLY at the App Store for iOS: https://apps.apple.com/us/app/b4ufly-drone-airspace-safety/id992427109
B4UFLY at the Google Play store for Android: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=gov.faa.b4ufly2&hl=en_US&gl=US
B4UFLY is also available as a desktop version for preflight planning and research. https://b4ufly.aloft.ai/ (“B4UFLY App | Federal Aviation Administration”)
How do I get authorization to fly in controlled airspace in Ohio?
Low Altitude Authorization and Notification Capability (LAANC), which is run by the FAA, is the only way to get permission to fly in controlled airspace.
LAANC is available to pilots operating under the Small UAS Rule Part 107 or under the exception for Recreational Flyers.
You can get access through one of the FAA Approved LAANC UAS Service Suppliers. Some providers have apps that can be used to apply for approval in near-real time.
There are two ways to use LAANC:
- Submit a near real-time authorization request for operations under 400 feet in controlled airspace around airports (available to Part 107 Pilots and Recreational Flyers).
- Submit a “further coordination request” if you need to fly above the designated altitude ceiling in a UASFacility Map, up to 400 feet.
- You can apply up to 90 days before a flight, and the approval is coordinated manually through the FAA (available to Part 107 pilots only).
LAANC is available at 726 airports. If you want to fly in controlled airspace near airports not offering LAANC, you can use the manual process to apply for authorization.
Notes for recreational drone pilots flying for fun in Ohio
If you have a small drone of less than 55 pounds, you can fly recreationally by following Drone Laws in the USA defined by 49 USC 44809.
In Ohio, recreational UAS operations (i.e., flying for recreational purposes) are approved under law, specifically 49 USC 44809. Please check the specific state jurisdiction for additional permissions, licensing, or clearance requirements.
Following these rules will keep you and your drone safe and help keep the airspace available to everyone.
The law requires that all recreational flyers pass an aeronautical knowledge and safety test and provide proof of passage if asked by law enforcement or FAA personnel. The Recreational UAS Safety Test (TRUST) was developed to meet this requirement.
TRUST provides education and testing on important safety and regulatory information. If you fly your drone recreationally under the Exception for Recreational Flyers, you must pass the test before you fly.
Note: If your drone weighs more than .55 pounds (lbs), you must register your drone through the FAA‘s Drone Zone.
For a complete discussion on drone registration, see our Drone Registration Explainer.
To fly your drone as a recreational flyer, it’s as easy as 1-2-3
- Understand recreational flying requirements
- Note: Non-recreational drone flying includes things like taking photos to help sell a property or service, doing roof inspections, or taking pictures of a high school football game for the school’s website. Goodwill can also be considered non-recreational. This would include volunteering to use your drone to survey coastlines on behalf of a non-profit organization. If you’re unsure which rules apply to your flight, fly under Part 107 (See below).
- Visit the Recreational Flyers page to learn about the rules for recreational flyers.
- Download the FAA’s B4UFLY mobile app for more recreational drone flying resources.
- Take TRUST
- You may take the free online test through any of the FAA-approved test administrators.
- All FAA-approved TRUST test administrators offer the test free.
- All test questions are correctable to 100% prior to issuing your completion certificate.
- After completing TRUST, you’ll need to download, save or print your completion certificate.
- If you lose your certificate, you will need to retake TRUST.
- View a list of TRUST Test Administrators
- Receive your certificate
- After you pass the test, you will receive a certificate from the test administrator you selected.
- Test administrators will not keep a record of your certificate. If law enforcement officers ask, you must present a copy of your certificate.
General Rules for Recreational Flyers
The Exception for Limited Recreational Operations of Unmanned Aircraft (USC 44809) is the law that describes how, when, and where you can fly drones for recreational purposes. Following these rules helps keep people, your drone, and our airspace safe:
- Fly only for recreational purposes (personal enjoyment).
- Follow the safety guidelines of an FAA-recognized Community-Based Organization (CBO).
For more information on how to become an FAA-recognized CBO, read Advisory Circular 91-57C.
- Keep your drone within the visual line of sight, or use a visual observer who is co-located (physically next to) and in direct communication with you.
- Give way to and do not interfere with other aircraft.
- Fly at or below FAA-authorized altitudes in controlled airspace (Class B, C, D, and surface Class E designated for an airport) only with prior FAA authorization by using LAANC or DroneZone.
- Fly at or below 400 feet in Class G (uncontrolled) airspace.
Note: Flying drones in restricted airspace is not allowed. Drone pilots should always check for airspace restrictions prior to flight on our B4UFLY app or the UAS Facility Maps webpage.
- Take The Recreational UAS Safety Test (TRUST) and carry proof of test passage when flying.
- Have a current FAA registration, mark (PDF) your drones on the outside with the registration number, and carry proof of registration when flying.
Note: Beginning September 16, 2023, if your drone requires an FAA registration number, it will also be required to broadcast Remote ID information.
- Do not operate your drone in a manner that endangers the safety of the national airspace system.
Recreational drone pilots should know that if they violate these safety requirements and/or operate their drone flight carelessly or recklessly, they could be liable for criminal and/or civil penalties.
You do not need a drone license if your drone use is recreational and falls within the scope of 44809. However, to fly your drone commercially or under the FAA’s Small UAS Rule (Part 107), you must first obtain a Remote Pilot Certificate (RPC), also known as a drone license or a Part 107 certificate. You may want to get your drone license for the flexibility it allows in your drone flights.
For more details on drone licensing, please see our Drone License Explainer.
It is recommended that recreational drone operators consult the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) rules and regulations on the proper use of recreational drones and use common sense when operating these devices around crowded public areas, wildlife, or historic resources.
Notes for operating Commercial Drone Services in Ohio
If you have a small drone that is less than 55 pounds, you can fly for work or business by following the Drone Laws in the USA defined by FAA Part 107 guidelines.
Commercial drone operations in Ohio are approved under the FAA Part 107. Please check the specific state jurisdiction for additional permissions, licensing, or clearance requirements.
For a complete review of the FAA Part 107 regulation please see our comprehensive FAA 107 Explainer.
Note: The Operations Over People rule became effective on April 21, 2021. Drone pilots operating under Part 107 may fly at night, over people and moving vehicles without a waiver as long as they meet the requirements defined in the rule. Airspace authorizations are still required for night operations in controlled airspace under 400 feet.
If you have a small drone of fewer than 55 pounds, you can fly for work or business by following the Part 107 guidelines. To fly under Part 107 rules, there are three main steps.
Step 1: Learn the Rules
Ensure you understand what is and is not allowed under Part 107 rules.
If you are unsure if Part 107 rules work for you and your intended operation, check our user identification tool.
Some operations will require a waiver. Here are the regulations specified in §107.205 that are subject to waiver:
- Operation from a moving vehicle or aircraft – §107.25
- Operation at Night – §107.29(a)(2) and (b)
- Visual line of sight aircraft operation – §107.31
- Visual observer – §107.33
- Operation of multiple small unmanned aircraft systems – §107.35
- Yielding the right of way – §107.37(a)
- Operation over human beings – §107.39
- Operation in certain airspace – §107.41
- Operating limitations for small unmanned aircraft – §107.51
- Operations Over Moving Vehicles – §107.145
Learn more about Part 107 Waivers.
Drone operators should avoid flying near airports because it is difficult for crewed aircraft to see and avoid a drone while flying. Remember that the drone operator must avoid manned aircraft and are responsible for any safety hazard their drone creates in an airport environment.
Step 2: Become an FAA-Certified Drone Pilot by Passing the Knowledge Test
For more details on drone licensing, please see our Drone License Explainer.
To be eligible to get your Remote Pilot Certificate, you must be:
- At least 16 years old
- Able to read, write, speak, and understand English
- Be in a physical and mental condition to safely fly a UAS
Study for the Knowledge Test
- Review Knowledge Test Suggested Study Materials provided by the FAA.
Obtain an FAA Tracking Number (FTN)
- Create an Integrated Airman Certification and Rating Application (IACRA) profile before registering for the knowledge test.
Schedule an Appointment
- Take the Knowledge Test at an FAA-approved Knowledge Testing Center.
Complete FAA Form 8710-13
- Once you’ve passed your test for a remote pilot certificate (FAA Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application), log in to the FAA Integrated Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application system (IACRA)* to complete FAA form 8710-13.
- Review the entire process to get your Remote Pilot Certificate.
Step 3: Register your Drone with the FAA
For a complete discussion on drone registration, see our Drone Registration Explainer.
Registration costs $5 and is valid for three years. You’ll need a credit or debit card and the make and model of your drone handy in order to register. Learn more about registering your drone.
- Create an account and register your drone at FAADroneZone. Select “Fly sUAS under Part 107.”
- Once you’ve registered, mark your drone (PDF) with your registration number in case it gets lost or stolen.
Useful published information on flying drones in Ohio
We have partnered with the FAA and other drone enthusiasts in supporting an internet educational campaign called Know Before You Fly. The tips, pointers, and resources apply to Ohio Drone Users also. Please visit the site for additional information: Know Before You Fly
Association for Unmanned Vehicle Systems International – Mostly for commercial drone service providers and users.
Academy of Model Aeronautics – Mostly for hobbyists
NOTE: Small Unmanned Aerial Systems (SUAS), Small UAS, Remote Piloted Aerial Systems (RPAS), unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), Unmanned Aerial System (UAS), and drone are interchangeable terms unless specified. Model Aircraft, toy, remote-controlled, and RC aircraft may be covered by the same regulations unless specified.
Find out why we think you must use a Drone Preflight Checklist and a Drone Post-flight checklist
Free Drone Flight Checklist PDF
This Drone Flight Checklists is better than others.
It includes both the preflight checklist and post-flight checklist
It’s an easy to use printable pdf that covers all your bases.
Traveling with a Drone?
Click here to read our Comprehensive Guide For Traveling With A Drone.
NOW ITS YOUR TURN
14 thoughts on “Drone Laws in Ohio”
I have a drone that stalks me every single day weather permitting. I have hundreds of videos and photos from the last several months. It’s causing me severe depression, anxiety, and losing focus at work. It has been hard for me to bring this up in fear of no one believing me. I need help. This is consuming my life!
Please contact your local law enfocement
They have scanner apps because they leave before the law gets here. Then come back after they leave! I am tired of these perverted individuals stalking&harassing me!!!
Try dealing with these idiots harassing,hovering,every night for 4years! They come on my property,peek in windows. I call the sheriff and these sick individuals take off(scanner apps) so when the law does show up,there’s nothing here& I get MY sanity questioned!!! The sad part? I retired 4yrs ago& this is what I have had to deal with when I should be relaxed& happy. I have anxiety,depression& it triggers my PTSD. I have NO IDEA who these perverts are. Probably some sort of sex offenders. They trespass on my property & my 90 yr old neighbors too. I think that there’s not enough being done to protect MY RIGHT TO PRIVACY! DRONES SUCK
Try dealing with this for 4 years!!! I have NO IDEA who these sick perverts are. I retired 4yrs ago& I can’t even enjoy my retirement! My 90 yr old neighbor owns a large amount of land& he doesn’t want them around either! They think that they’re entitled to fly at night on my property,peeking in windows. I am so sick of dealing with this. I call the sheriff& they take off(scanner apps)only to return after the law leaves! This leads to the law questioning MY sanity because there’s nothing here when the sheriff arrives!!! These sick individuals do NOT follow any drone laws either! This has caused anxiety,depression& triggers my PTSD. Drone laws only work with law abiding citizens& these perverts do NOT follow any of them!
I am a recreational drone pilot. Can I fly in a state park in Ohio over the water and my boat etc.?
I am finding out that the laws are really trying to squeeze drone use out in my area.
Rob, some parks have restrictions against drone flights. We have listed those we are aware of above. You should check with the specific park to see what restrictions they have.
My experience with drones isn’t going so well. I have a neighbor that only uses it at night which I believe is illegal? I reside in Medina county, Brunswick Ohio do you happen to know if flying at night is illegal for a suburban neighborhood. Thanks.
Night flights require specific authorization from the FAA. Generally, commercial operators could get the required authorization, but we are not aware of hobbyist flyers authorized to fly at night.
This is incorrect after the FAA’s 2021 rules revision. Hobbyist flyers can fly in unrestricted airspace at night, provided their drown is equipped with an anti-collision light that satisfies FAA requirements.
Restricted airspace still requires a Part 107 license, and hobbyists cannot obtain a LAANC easily for night flying in restricted airspace.
I am an amateur drone pilot. I have 4 small drones, less than 2 lbs each. Would it still be necessary to notify the FAA, if my recreational flying is kept in my suburban neighborhood?? (Milford, Ohio) Nowhere near any commercial or private airports. I follow the safety rules listed here. Would I be breaking any laws?
Check that the airspace is not restricted.You should be ok.
Do police need search warrant first before flying drone and taking photos of private land in Ohio
Newlyn, this depends on a lot of factors. You can get your best answer from a local attorney.