Drone Laws in the Czech Republic

Agencies Responsible for regulating drones in the Czech Republic

Czech Republic Civil Aviation Authority (CAA)


UAS Laws – General rules for flying drones in the Czech Republic

The Czech agency responsible for drone safety, CAA, has provided several internet-accessible details on flying for fun or work. The highlights are enumerated below. For more details go to the link above.

Are drones allowed in the Czech Republic?

According to CAA, drones are allowed in the Czech Republic, subject to CAA regulations. Read on for more details.

Here are the most important rules to know for flying a drone in the Czech Republic:

Drones are classified into several categories in the Czech Republic based on their weight. Category: 

  1. Up to 0.91 kg 
  2. Greater than 0.91 kg and less than 7 kg 
  3. Weight range: 7 – 25 kg 
  4. Greater than 25 kg

Here are the most important rules to know for flying a drone in the Czech Republic:

  • You must maintain visual contact with the drone at all times. 
  • It is prohibited to fly within a 5,5-kilometer radius of international airports. 
  • It is not permitted to fly around Prague Castle! 
  • Flying over the center of Prague, near nuclear power plants, sports airports, military areas, and national parks, is prohibited. 
  • You can soar to a height of 300 meters. However, be aware that ultralight aircraft and rescue helicopters can fly between 150 and 300 meters in altitude. 
  • For category 1 and 2 (7 kg) aircraft, maintain a safe distance of 50 meters from people and buildings during takeoff and landing and 100 meters during flight (150 meters in a densely populated area). 
  • Insurance is required for category four pilots and drone operators. 
  • Drones classified as categories 2, 3, and 4 must include a failsafe system. (Automatic return to the initial position and landing.) 
  • It is illegal to fly a drone at night. 
  • If you intend to film or photograph people, you must obtain their consent. (If they are identifiable via video or photograph.) 
  • It is prohibited for all categories to fly closer than 1500 meters horizontally and 300 meters vertically to the cloud.

Licensing and Permits Requirements for Flying 

In the Czech Republic, a license is required to operate a drone for commercial purposes. For step-by-step instructions on obtaining a license, see the first section of this page on the CAA’s website. 

A permit is required to operate a drone for personal use (i.e., as a hobbyist). For more information on obtaining a permit to fly for personal use in the Czech Republic, see the second section of this page on the CAA’s website.

No drone operation areas

You must maintain a safe distance during a flight from congested areas (significantly restricting the ability of an aircraft to operate in a city), from people, vehicles, and construction, from airports, from other air traffic, and environmentally protected areas. If the air rules do not specify otherwise, the safe distance is defined as a horizontal distance that ensures that, even in emergencies, no threat to the safety of air navigation, persons and property on the ground, or the environment is posed.

No-fly-Zones

Operation is generally prohibited within restricted/prohibited airspace zones. The zones can be viewed online at this Czech air fly zone site. Unmanned aircraft operations in Prague would almost certainly be in conflict with the LKR9 Restricted Area (which encompasses most of the city) and possibly with the LKP1 Prohibited Area (area around Prague Castle, Charles Bridge, Vltava river).

Penalties

Unregistered UAV operation carries a fine of 185,000€. Anyone who violates the rules governing the 13 no-fly zones will also face penalties.


Notes for recreational drone pilots flying for fun in The Czech Republic

Not intended for professional purposes 

Not equipped with any device that enables automatic flight If equipped with GPS and autopilot ( 25kg soon) 

Flown at a lower altitude than 330 feet

You must

  • If the MTOM is greater than 0,91 kg, a fireproof identification plate with the owner’s name and phone number is required. 
  • Adhere to ALL of the rules outlined in the L-2, Doplnek X 
  •  If the MTOM exceeds 0.91 kg, a fail-safe system (against fly-aways) must be installed. 
  • Adhere to privacy/data protection guidelines 
  • Airshows must have a private insurance contract covering recreational drone activities (see model aircraft for the minimum sums).

You must not

Drop items from your drone 


Notes for operating Commercial Drone Services in The Czech Republic

Commercial purposes require registration of both the pilot and the drone in all categories! You must always register in category 4 (over 25 kg)! 

A fine of up to €200,000 may be imposed for violating drone flight regulations! 

If used commercially or if the weight exceeds 20kg

You must:

  • Incorporate your drone into the registry 
  • Have a fireproof registration plate with the owner’s name, phone number, and the country of registration inside or on a drone. Your drone’s fuselage must bear the registration mark. 
  • Be piloted by a licensed pilot Maintain documentation, including logs and manuals 
  • Possess a permit for aerial work (not for large model aircraft) 
  • Notify us of any accident/incident. 
  • Possess liability insurance in the amount of EUR 880,000 
  • Adhere to ALL of the rules outlined in the L-2, Doplnek X 
  • Equip yourself with a “fail-safe” system (against fly-aways) 
  • Adhere to privacy/data protection guidelines

You must not:

  • Endanger persons or crewed aircraft; adhere to the regulation’s minimum distance requirements and the permit’s individual distance requirements. 
  • Fly through or over restricted airspaces 
  • Interfere with the operation of crewed aircraft

Useful published information on flying drones in The Czech Republic

Here is a sample of what you might expect if you follow the drone laws and fly in The Czech Republic…

NOTE: Small Unmanned Aerial Systems (SUAS), Small UAS, Remote Piloted Aerial Systems (RPAS), unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), Unmanned Aerial System (UAS), and drone are interchangeable terms unless specified. Model aircraft, toy aircraft, Remote controlled aircraft, and RC aircraft may be covered by the same regulations unless specified.


Traveling with a Drone?

Click here to read our Comprehensive Guide For Traveling With A Drone



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IMPORTANT NOTE

The content on this site is collated by volunteers from public general information. This material is not presented as legal advice of any kind, and we cannot guarantee that the information is accurate, complete, or up-to-date. Do not substitute the information you find here for legal advice from a licensed attorney who is authorized to practice in the jurisdiction. When in doubt, contact the local aviation authority responsible for drone safety, utilize a licensed drone service operator, and/or consult a qualified attorney.

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