Drone Laws in Brazil

Agencies Responsible for regulating drones in the Federative Republic of Brazil

National Civil Aviation Agency – Department of Airspace Management

Updated February 17, 2022


UAS Laws – General rules for flying drones in Brazil

The Brazilian agency responsible for drone safety, ANAC, has provided a number of internet-accessible details on flying for fun or for work. The highlights are enumerated below. For more details go to the link above.

Are drones allowed in Brazil?

According to ANAC, drone use is allowed in Brazil, subject to ANAC regulations. Read on for more details.

Here are the most important rules to know for flying a drone in Brazil:

Flying your drones in Brazil is legally allowed. National Civil Aviation Authority established the drone regulations and rules in Brazil that all recreational and commercial drone operators are required to follow. If your drone weighs more than 250 grams, they need to be registered with ANAC just like with almost every other country.

  • Drone pilots must be a minimum of 18 years of age.
  • Drone pilots cannot operate more than one drone at the same time.
  • Drone pilots must maintain a visual line of sight with their drone at all times.
  • Drone pilots flying a drone that weighs over .55 lbs (250g) must hold insurance that covers damage to third parties.
  • Any drone that weighs over .55 lbs (250g) must be registered in ANAC’s Unmanned Aircraft System (SISANT), and the registration ID must be accessible on the UAV. Access the registry here.
  • As a general rule, drones that weigh over .55 lbs (250g) may only fly in areas 98 feet (30m) or more away from people not involved in the flight, under the full responsibility of the pilot operator and according to rules of use of the Department of Airspace Control (DECEA) airspace. If there is a protective barrier between the equipment and the persons specified, this distance need not be observed.
  • Flying is not allowed over prisons, military facilities, or other critical infrastructure.
  • Flying is not allowed 98 feet (30m) or less from a building.
  • Flying is not allowed over people.
  • If flying three to five nautical miles from an airport the maximum altitude allowed is 100 feet. If flying five miles from an airport the maximum altitude allowed is 100 to 400 feet. Flights closer to an airport than three miles require a NOTAM issued by SARPAS.
  • To fly a drone that weighs over .55 lbs (250g) closer than 98 feet (30m) to people it is necessary that the people agree in advance to the operation.
  • Autonomous operations of drones (that is, the use of drones where the remote pilot is not able to intervene) are prohibited. Autonomous drone operations are different from automated drone operations, in which the remote pilot can intervene at any point.
  • Depending on the details of your operations, a license might be required.

Permit and registration

Any drone above 250 g has to be registered in Brazil. The age limit for such drones is 18 and you must have third-party insurance. 

Before you can fly your drone in Brazil, if your quadcopter weighs more than 250 grams, they need to be registered. 

If you plan to fly in prohibited zones such as historical sites to get close footage or during nighttime. You will need to email rpas.ggcp@anac.gov.br to get a letter of authorization. 

To strengthen your case to make the whole approval process easier, you will need the following documents:

  • A valid proof of drone insurance.
  • A valid proof of remote pilot license.
  • Drone serial number / model / make.
  • Your contact information.
  • Flight plan and risk assessment.

Registering your Drone

Registration in the Unmanned Aircraft System (SISANT) is mandatory for unmanned aircraft for recreational use (model aircraft) or non-recreational (RPA), with a maximum takeoff weight greater than 250g and limited to 25kg and that will not fly beyond the visual line of sight (BVLOS) or above 400 feet (120 meters) above ground level.

1 (one) registration must be made per aircraft and each equipment must be linked to a person or a company in Brazil, who will be legally responsible for the aircraft.

To register it is necessary to inform:

– Personal data (name, address, CPF, email)

– Legal entity data (CNPJ), if applicable

– Aircraft data (name, model, manufacturer, serial number and photo that identifies the aircraft)

– A nine-digit combination, which will be the identification number of the equipment. This identification must be affixed in a visible place on the aircraft

– Include a photo of the aircraft with some feature or brand produced by the owner of the drone, the serial number of the equipment or any other signal that may differentiate the aircraft

The system generates a certificate (mandatory postage document in all operations).

Register here for SISANT: sistemas.anac.gov.br/sisant.

Drone airworthiness certificate (CAER) in Brazil

Drones models heavier than 25 kg & used for commercial use will need need to be authorized by ANAC before purchase to obtain an airworthiness certificate (CAER) for your drone in Brazil.

Drone fly Map 

You should not fly above or near military installations, archaeological sites & strategic infrastructure. Fly away from airports & any aerodromes or airports in the country.

National parks & reserves are on a case by case permission & you might need to check directly with the local park or reserve authorities.

Penalties

The amount & scope of the fine will depend on the nature & severity of your infraction. The judges will also evaluate if you intentionally committed the infraction and/or if you had any commercial purposes to do such. However, Brazilian authorities specify that you will fall under Law No. 7,565 / 86 (CBA)’s scope.

Additional Notes for Foreign Operators

Foreign operators are also subject to the same rules as national operators and should obtain all the local licenses to operate RPA.


Notes for recreational drone pilots flying for fun in Brazil

Brazil does not differentiate between commercial & recreational drone uses. Both are subject to some restrictions & a code of conduct. Additionally, depending on the weight of your drone & where you want to fly your drone, different rules will apply.

In Brazil, drone laws fall under the management of the Brazilian Civil Aviation Authority (ANAC) & the Department of Airspace Management. 

Brazil will differentiate your drone based on its weight:

  • drones weighing less than 250 g
  • drones weighing between 250 g & 25 kg (class 3)
  • drones weighing between 25 kg & 150 kg (class 2)
  • drone weighing more than 150 kg (class 1)

Notes for operating Commercial Drone Services in Brazil

Brazil does not differentiate between commercial & recreational drone uses. Both are subject to some restrictions & a code of conduct. Additionally, depending on the weight of your drone & where you want to fly your drone, different rules will apply.

In Brazil, drone laws fall under the management of the Brazilian Civil Aviation Authority (ANAC) & the Department of Airspace Management. 

Brazil will differentiate your drone based on its weight:

  • drones weighing less than 250 g
  • drones weighing between 250 g & 25 kg (class 3)
  • drones weighing between 25 kg & 150 kg (class 2)
  • drone weighing more than 150 kg (class 1)

Useful published information on flying drones in Brazil

Here is a video of some of the drone highlights one might capture using your drone in Brazil…

NOTE: Small Unmanned Aerial Systems (SUAS), Small UAS, Remote Piloted Aerial Systems (RPAS), unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), Unmanned Aerial System (UAS), and drone are interchangeable terms unless specified. Model aircraft, toy aircraft, Remote controlled aircraft, and RC aircraft may be covered by the same regulations unless specified.


Traveling with a Drone?

Click here to read our Comprehensive Guide For Traveling With A Drone



NOW ITS YOUR TURN

Help Us Keep Drone Laws Updated

Tell Us About Your Recent Experience

In The Comments Below


IMPORTANT NOTE

The content on this site (The latest Drone Laws/Drone Regulations) is collated by volunteers from public general information. This material is not presented as legal advice of any kind, and we cannot guarantee that the information is accurate, complete, or up-to-date. Do not substitute the information you find here for legal advice from a licensed attorney who is authorized to practice in the jurisdiction. When in doubt, contact the local aviation authority responsible for drone safety, utilize a licensed drone service operator, and/or consult a qualified attorney.

We welcome any feedback, corrections, or updates that can be shared with our community.

The contents of this website are open-sourced and licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States (CC By-SA 3.0 US). Feel free to share, remix, or otherwise.

15 thoughts on “Drone Laws in Brazil”

  1. And regarding the VTXs that we (I suppose) are using, is it needed to certificate it within Anatel? (National Telecommunication Agency) Can we even “use FPV” to control the drone, or the operation must be rely only with the bare eyes of the pilot?

    Reply
  2. Hi there,

    I live in Brazil and have a CPF and a P.R. I want to buy a DJI Mini2 from the U.S to bring back. I heard that although this drone is less than 250g the battery, etc. can make it weigh more and this is a grey area in Brazil.

    Do I need to register this or can I just use it? Would I get in trouble bringing one into Brazil?

    Thanks.

    Reply
    • Hello Jay, we have not received any reports of problems with taking this drone to Brazil. Perhaps one of our visitors will share their experience. The best bet is always to contact the regulator when you are in doubt. Use the link on the page to get to ANAC.

      Reply
    • Our understanding is that drones that need to be registered require insurance. You should check with the authorities for further clarification of drones that do not require registration. Please let us know what you find

      Reply
  3. The website does´nt offer the option to register as an european citizen, the in the EU registered drone in that system.

    How should i do that without an resident address in brasil (which i dont have) ?

    Reply
  4. I cannot register my drone as my adress from germany is not accepted. Am i allowed to fly in brasil with my drone thats registered in the EU (Germany)?

    Reply

Leave a Comment