Agencies Responsible for regulating drones in Hungary
UAS Laws – General rules for flying drones in Hungary
The Hungarian agency responsible for drone safety, GDAT, has provided several internet-accessible details on flying for fun or work. The highlights are enumerated below. For more details go to the link above.
As of 31st December 2020, national rules for drones will be replaced by common European regulations. The purpose of this reform is to create a truly harmonized drone market in Europe with the highest level of safety. In practice, it means that once a drone Οperator has received authorization from its state of registry, he/she will be allowed to freely circulate in the European Union. According to the level of risk involved, this new legal framework will introduce three categories of drone operations: Open, Specific and Certified
Drone operations are to be conducted according to the Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2019/945 and Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/947 (as amended).
Are drones allowed in Hungary?
According to GDAT, drones are allowed in Hungary, subject to GDAT and EASA regulations. Read on for details.
Here are the most important rules to know for flying a drone in Hungary
Drone operators must register all drones in Hungary.
Following registration, you must adhere to the following rules.
- Drones may fly up to 50 meters (170 feet) above ground or sea level in the Open category and up to 120 meters (400 feet) in the Special category. (The Department of Civil Aviation may grant exemptions to operators of special category drones.)
- Direct visual contact with the drone is required, and the operating distance should not exceed 500 meters.
- Avoid flying too close to residential areas or populated areas.
- Maintain a safety buffer zone of one kilometer around residential areas.
- Unless the owner/person consents, a safety distance of 500 meters from isolated buildings, people, vehicles, animals, and structures is required.
- Avoid flying near airports and heliports. Stay A minimum of eight (8) kilometers away from airports and three (3) kilometers from heliports for safety.
- At no time is it permissible to fly a drone at night.
- There shall be no flying over, within, or near military installations, public utility installations, archaeological sites, or public or private facilities.
Given the low level of risk, neither prior authorization by the competent authority nor a declaration by the drone operator is required. The drone’s total takeoff mass must be less than 25kg, and it must be operated within a visual line of sight at a maximum altitude of 120m.
Considering the moderate level of risk involved, flights in this category require authorization before the operation. The permission is given considering the mitigation measures identified in an operational risk assessment, except in specific standard scenarios where an operator declaration is sufficient.
Given the inherent dangers, certification of the drone and a licensed remote pilot are required. If your drone is capable of carrying people, you fall under the Certified category!
EASA Summary of Drone Flight Operation Requirements
Note for foreign operators
Operator Registration (Non-EU Residents)
- If you are coming from a non-EU country and this is the first time you will fly your drone in an EU country, you MUST register as an Operator with the GDAT.
- Upon registration, you will receive a unique Operator Registration number which you MUST attach to your drone. If you have several drones, the same number must be attached to all of them.
- You are not allowed to fly in NO FLY ZONES, and you must keep aways a minimum of 8km distance away from airports/heliports.
- If you already conducted operations in another EU country before going to Hungary, you must not register again. You always register to the first non-EU country you have conducted flights
Remote Pilot Certificate (Non-EU Residents)
- If you want to fly your drone in Hungary and live in a non-EU country, you must hold a Remote Pilot Certificate issued from an EU country.
- You can get the A1/A3 Certificate by registering with the online Remote Pilot School.
- The online training and exam are required for those who want to fly a drone in the ‘Open’ category in subcategories A1/A3.
- The pass mark is 75%, and you have 3 tries in total to pass.
- Once you pass your exam, you will receive your remote pilot certificate. Its validity will be 5 years.
- You must have your Remote Pilot Certificate in your possession whenever you plan to perform drone operations in Hungary and present it when asked by the authorities.
The weight of your drone is used to determine the insurance requirements. The figures are as follows:
- Below 2 Kg – Insurance cover worth 10,000 Euros
- Between 2 – 10 Kg – Insurance cover worth 17,000 Euros
- Anything above 10 Kg – Insurance cover is 33,000 Euros
Permit Requirements for Flying a Drone in Hungary
To obtain a flying permit, you must apply to the Military Aviation Authority at least 30 days prior to your flight.
The application must include the following:
- The applicant’s name, address, and telephone number
- For example, the proposed operation’s coordinates (for example, a radius of 200 meters centered on the coordinates 47°24’49” N 18°45’56” E).
- The proposed operation’s lower and upper limits (for example, GND-1500′ AMSL)
- The proposed operation’s date in Hungarian (YYYY.MM.DD.) and time in UTC (for example, 2017. Julius 20. – 2017. Julius 29. SR-SS).
- Justification: operation of unregistered aircraft
- Name and contact information for the person in charge of air traffic coordination in the required airspace (generally the name of pilot)
How to register as a drone pilot or operator in Hungary?
According to European Regulation (EU) 2019/947, registration is mandatory for UAS operators (not for UAS themselves).
The UAS Pilot, also known as the Remote Pilot (RP), is the person physically behind the UAS flight controls. They are fully responsible for the safety of the flight throughout operations.
The UAS Operator is the person or company who oversees operations and gives flight instructions. This person or legal entity bears all responsibility for the operations of the drone (s) on their behalf. Very often, in the OPEN category and as an individual, the Pilot and the Operator are the same person.
Who should register?
As part of the OPEN category, registration is compulsory for operators:
- UAS that have a mass of 250 g or more;
- UAS that have a mass of less than 250 g but:
- are able to operate at speeds greater than 90km / h
- are equipped with a camera or a microphone, if these UAS are NOT toys *
* A UAS is a toy when a manufacturer intends it for children under the age of 14 and meets the minimum safety criteria required to be so named. Compliance with these standards naturally limits the capabilities of the UAS (size, weight, non-dangerous spare parts, no powerful motor, etc.): see Directive 2009/48 / EC of 18 June 2009 on the safety of toys
Under the SPECIFIC category, registration is compulsory for all operators.
Natural persons can only register in the country where they reside.
Legal persons must register in the country where their principal place of business is located.
Registration can only be done in one Member State at a time.
How do you register in Hungary for drone operations?
The operator registration procedure begins at a site to be provided by GDAT.
This UAS operator registration number is valid for one year and must therefore be renewed periodically following the same procedure. The operator therefore always uses the same number unless the latter is permanently deregistered from the register.
Drone flights without proper authorization fall into one of three misdemeanor categories. The fines range between 0 and 300,000 euros. A portion of the new laws that take effect in June will attempt to standardize the process of issuing fines. For example, if a drone pilot threatens or endangers someone’s life, authorities can pursue criminal charges.
Notes for recreational drone pilots flying for fun in Hungary
Not used for commercial purposes
- Adhere to fundamental safety obligations
- Maintain a safe distance from people and property
You must not:
- Fly At night
- Fly over private property without the owner’s consent,
- Operate above populated areas, industrial areas, urban areas, other restricted areas, or obstruct manned aircraft.
- Fly higher than 100 meters
- Endanger other people’s lives
Notes for Commercial Drone Services operations in Hungary
They are utilized commercially in connection with business activity.
- Acquire a license and apply for a permit to fly
- Within 21 working days of receiving an individual assessment, authorizations to operate are issued.
- Possess insurance covering losses of up to one million euros
You are not permitted to:
- Operate solely using manual flight controls
- Attempt to obstruct manned aircraft or to fly in restricted areas
Useful published information on flying drones in Hungary
Here is a sample of what you might expect if you follow the drone laws and fly in Hungary…
NOTE: Small Unmanned Aerial Systems (SUAS), Small UAS, Remote Piloted Aerial Systems (RPAS), unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), Unmanned Aerial System (UAS), and drone are interchangeable terms unless specified. Model aircraft, toy aircraft, Remote controlled aircraft, and RC aircraft may be covered by the same regulations unless specified.
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