Drone Laws in Colombia

Agencies Responsible for regulating drones in the Republic of Colombia

Civil Aviation Authority of Colombia (CAAC)


UAS Laws – General rules for flying drones in Colombia

The Colombian agency responsible for drone safety, CAAC, has provided several internet-accessible details on flying for fun or work. The highlights are enumerated below. For more details go to the link above.

Are drones allowed in Colombia?

According to CAAC, drone use is allowed in Colombia, subject to CAAC regulations. Read on for more details.

Here are the most important rules to know for flying a drone in Colombia.

  • The CAAC requires training before flying a drone in Colombia. More information is available in the section below. 
  • Before any drone flight in Colombia, authorization from the CAAC is required. 
  • Avoid flying in inclement weather, such as strong winds. 
  • Do not fly above 500 feet. 
  • Allow no more than 750 meters (2,460 feet) for the drone to fly away from the operator. If an observer is involved in the operation of the drone and communicates with the operator in real-time, the maximum operating radius is 1500 meters (4,921 feet). 
  • Fly no closer than 50 meters (164 feet) to any person, object, or structure. 
  • Avoid flying over congested areas or structures. 
  • Avoid flying within a 5-kilometer-radius (3.1-mile) of any airport. 
  • Avoid flying near or over the military, law enforcement, or correctional facilities. 
  • Avoid flying within a radius of one nautical mile of the President of the Republic’s, Vice President’s, and other national and foreign authorities’ locations. 
  • Avoid throwing or dropping anything while in flight. 
  • Before and during each flight, you must carry a radio receiver and establish radio communication with the nearest airport control tower.

Classification

Colombia classifies drones into three categories: 

Class A: drones weighing between 250 grams and 25 kilograms and flights that adhere to the preceding rules. 

Class B: drones weighing between 25 and 150 kilograms, and Class A drones flying in violation of at least one of the rules. 

Class C: drones weighing more than 150 kilograms and flights involving a high degree of risk. 

Class A flights do not require approval, but the law requires registration with the aviation authority using the owner’s name, document number, address, e-mail address, phone number, make, model, and serial number of the drone.

Class B and C flights require prior approval.

Authorization Requirements for Flying

To fly a drone in Colombia, you must complete training at a CAAC-accredited aeronautical training center or a national or international university with an aeronautical or aerospace engineering faculty and a continuing education program for UAVs. In addition, the operator must have logged a minimum of 40 hours of flight time. 

Before each flight, the operator must submit a Request for Authorization and a Request for Permission to Operate to the CAAC 15 business days before the flight’s scheduled date. 

The authorization request must include the following:

  • The applicant’s name and contact information 
  • The operation’s description and objective
  • The planned flight’s date and location 
  • Flight altitude and duration 
  • Assessment of the operation’s risk

Prohibited: 

  • Payloads are not allowed. 
  • Not above people or structures 
  • Not above military objects, police, or detention centers 
  • Not over parks, beaches, roadways, and waterways 
  • Not within a two-kilometer radius of the President of Colombia or other government officials

Notes for recreational drone pilots flying for fun in Colombia

In Colombia, you will not require a license to fly your drone for recreational or commercial purposes. Additionally, you should register each drone and obtain a permit before the flight. 

Within the permitted zones, the following rules apply:

  • Clearly label your drone with your complete name and registration number (see below) 
  • Fly your drone during daylight hours at a maximum altitude of 152 meters and a maximum distance of 750 meters from you. 
  • Keep your drone at least 50 meters away from property and people and respect people’s privacy. 
  • Fly a drone that weighs less than 25 kilograms (heavier drones are prohibited by law). 
  • Operate a drone with non-metallic propellers, GPS (with recall capability), and a backlog system for recording images and flight paths (Mavic Pro 2 fits these requirements). 
  • Fly 5 kilometers away from airports and heliports and give priority to all other aircraft categories. If you see another aircraft during your flight, make a hasty landing. 
  • Fly 9.2 kilometers outside the country’s borders. 
  • You will require third-party liability insurance. 
  • During your flight, maintain contact with the nearest air traffic control operator. 
  • Carry no animals on your drone. 
  • Do not drop anything while flying your drone.

Notes for operating Commercial Drone Services in Colombia

In Colombia, you will not require a license to fly your drone for recreational or commercial purposes. Additionally, you should register each drone and obtain a permit before the flight. 

Within the permitted zones, the following rules apply:

  • Clearly label your drone with your complete name and registration number (see below) 
  • Fly your drone during daylight hours at a maximum altitude of 152 meters and a maximum distance of 750 meters from you. 
  • Keep your drone at least 50 meters away from property and people and respect people’s privacy. 
  • Fly a drone that weighs less than 25 kilograms (heavier drones are prohibited by law). 
  • Operate a drone with non-metallic propellers, GPS (with recall capability), and a backlog system for recording images and flight paths (Mavic Pro 2 fits these requirements). 
  • Fly 5 kilometers away from airports and heliports and give priority to all other aircraft categories. If you see another aircraft during your flight, make a hasty landing. 
  • Fly 9.2 kilometers outside the country’s borders. 
  • You will require third-party liability insurance. 
  • During your flight, maintain contact with the nearest air traffic control operator. 
  • Carry no animals on your drone. 
  • Do not drop anything while flying your drone.

Useful published information on flying drones in Colombia

Here is a sample of what you might expect if you follow the drone laws and fly in Colombia…

NOTE: Small Unmanned Aerial Systems (SUAS), Small UAS, Remote Piloted Aerial Systems (RPAS), unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), Unmanned Aerial System (UAS), and drone are interchangeable terms unless specified. Model aircraft, toy aircraft, Remote controlled aircraft, and RC aircraft may be covered by the same regulations unless specified.


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The content on this site (The latest Drone Laws/Drone Regulations) is collated by volunteers from public general information. This material is not presented as legal advice of any kind, and we cannot guarantee that the information is accurate, complete, or up-to-date. Do not substitute the information you find here for legal advice from a licensed attorney who is authorized to practice in the jurisdiction. When in doubt, contact the local aviation authority responsible for drone safety, utilize a licensed drone service operator, and/or consult a qualified attorney.

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