Drone Laws in Senegal

Agencies Responsible for regulating drones in the Republic of Senegal

National Agency for Civil Aviation and Meteorology (ANACIM) of Senegal

Senegal Drone Regulations


UAS Laws – General rules for flying drones in Senegal

The Senegal agency responsible for drone safety, ANACIM, has provided several internet-accessible details on flying for fun or work. The highlights are enumerated below. For more details, go to the link above.

Are drones allowed in Senegal?

According to ANACIM, drones are allowed in Senegal, subject to ANACIM regulations. Read on for more details.

Here are the most important rules to know for flying a drone in Senegal:

CLASSIFICATION AND CATEGORIZATION OF RPAS

RPAS are classified and categorized according to their mass and use. 

RPAS are divided into three classes:

  1. Class 1: RPAS with a mass of 5 kg or less, including any load carried by RPAS.
  2. Class 2: RPAS with mass greater than 5 kg but less than or equal to 25 kg, including any load transported; and
  3. Class 3 RPAS with a mass greater than 25 kg, including any load carried.

RPAS are divided into three categories

  1. Category A: RPAS used for leisure and/or private purposes by individuals (people, physical);
  2. Category B RPAS used for sports and model aircraft within the framework of aeromodelling associations certified by the Authority.
  3. Category C: RPAS used for professional purposes by private and public bodies.
 Category A: Leisure/PrivateCategory B: Sport/Model AircraftCategory C: Professional UseDocument Type and Authority
Class 1: Mass 5kg or less1A1B1CLimited authorization 
Class 2: Mass >5kg  to 25 kgNot authorized2B2C*Limited authorization
Class 3: Mass >25kgNot authorizedNot authorized3C**Permit Required
Senegal Summary Table of Drone Classes and Categories

* Professional RPAS with a maximum take-off weight exceeding 25 kg (not exceeding 30 kg) and whose basic mass does not exceed 25 kg are considered in 2C.

Note: The basic mass corresponds to the empty mass without battery and load.

** Above 25 kg, the airworthiness, and training requirements for RPAS remote pilots are applicable.

*** Professionals operating drones with a maximum take-off weight exceeding 25 kg must develop an SMS manual.

ELIGIBILITY CONDITIONS TO OPERATE AN RPAS

The following are eligibility requirements for obtaining authorization to operate an RPAS:

  • any person aged at least 15 for category A.
  • any person aged 12 or over for Category B.
  • any person aged at least 18 for category C.
  • all legal persons duly established in Senegal who can justify the use of such equipment.
  • any legal person not resident in Senegal, with a mandate or a legal contract of services with a company registered in the country’s trade register (Senegal) or a UEMOA State or a mission order issued by an entity of the State of Senegal.
  • any legal person not resident in Senegal and authorized by a legal person of Senegalese nationality and permanently resident in Senegal.

Note: If the operator of an RPAS is under the age of 18 for category A, the authorization for the operation will be issued subject to approval by a legal guardian and support during operations by their legal guardian or an adult over 18 designated by the legal guardian.

If the owner of an RPAS is under the age of 18, the RPAS is identified under the legal guardian.

RPAS IDENTIFICATION OBLIGATION

Privileges and identification conditions

No one should operate an RPAS in Senegal if the Authority has not identified it and issued an identification number to its owner, legal representative, or operator.

A remotely piloted aircraft is entered in Senegal’s PAS identification register when it is identified per the law.

 A remotely piloted aircraft is eligible for identification if it belongs:

  • to a Senegalese or any foreign person residing in Senegal, and having at least eighteen (18) years of age on the date of submission of the application; or
  • to a company incorporated under the laws of Senegal.

Identification certificate

If the request meets the identification requirements, the Authority registers the remotely piloted aircraft following the procedure for filling in the SAP register then issues a certificate to the applicant. 

At his request, a candidate may be provided with identification marks before purchasing a remotely piloted aircraft to have them affixed by the manufacturer.

If applicable, no remotely piloted aircraft identified abroad is registered in Senegal before being deregistered of the foreign register.

Identification markings must be displayed on the remotely piloted aircraft and legible.

COMPLIANCE WITH LAWS, REGULATIONS, AND PROCEDURES

  • Remotely piloted aircraft must be operated in such a way as to present the least possible danger to persons, property, or other aircraft
  • A remotely piloted aircraft, identified in Senegal and whose operator is domiciled there, may carry out flights over Senegalese territory.
  • The operator of any remotely piloted aircraft must hold a special authorization issued by the Authority to fly over Senegalese territory when:
    • the operator’s head office is not domiciled in Senegal.
    • Where the Authority does not give the required airworthiness documents or authorizations.
    • Where the remote pilot’s skills do not comply with the relevant provision
  • An operator must arrange for when a situation puts air traffic in danger during operation, the remote pilot ends the flight as soon as the conditions allowing the flight to be stopped safely are met:
    • during all phases of the flight, the remote pilot ensures that the RPA maintains a continuous command and control and, if necessary, implements, without delay, the procedures established in case of link loss.
    • the aircraft ‘performs a flight only if the meteorological conditions along the route are clear.
    • All remotely piloted aircraft operations must be carried out between official hours of sunrise and sunset (day only).
    • Night operations are prohibited except with special authorization from the Authority.
  • When operating a remotely piloted aircraft, the remote pilot must maintain visual contact with the remotely piloted aircraft to:
    • maintain operational control of the remotely piloted aircraft.
    • constantly know the position of the remotely piloted aircraft.
    • determine the behavior, altitude, and direction of the remotely piloted aircraft.
    • monitor the airspace for the presence of other aircraft or hazards, and
    • ensure that the remotely piloted aircraft does not constitute a danger to the life or property of others.
  • Horizontal visibility is at least 1.5 times the distance between the RPA and the remote pilot or the RPA observer during visual flight operations. Horizontal visibility is the minimum visibility necessary for operations in all directions of the horizontal plane.
  • The use of RPA observers for visual flights is limited to two, and the distance between the remote pilot and the RPA may not, under any circumstances, lead to exceeding the range of the radio link of the RPAS.
  • For OUT OF SIGHT OPERATIONS (BVLOS)
    • The operator of a remotely piloted aircraft must carry out a safety study accepted by the Authority before starting any out-of-sight operation (BVLOS). The safety study contains but is not limited to when they are applicable the following:
    • a description of the security systems.
    • an exhaustive analysis of potentially dangerous events, their effects, as well as the means of mitigating these events.
    • identification of preventive measures to be taken. 
  • The remote pilot and/or the RPA observer must remain vigilant to detect and avoid any risk of conflict with other crewed aircraft and give priority of passage to these in such a way so that there is no risk of conflict.
  • The remote pilot must not fly above, below, or in front of a machine unless he is established that his remotely piloted aircraft would not compromise the safety of the craft concerned.
  • No person shall operate a remotely piloted aircraft in the vicinity of another aircraft in such a way as to create a risk of collision or collision.
  • Remotely piloted aircraft shall not be operated in controlled airspace unless the operator has received authorization from the air traffic services.
  • Anyone operating a remotely piloted aircraft must ensure that the traffic services aircraft are notified immediately when the remotely piloted aircraft inadvertently enters controlled airspace.
  • The remote pilot who must fly in uncontrolled airspace must inform the nearest air traffic control station before, during, and after each operation.
  • No one shall operate a remotely piloted aircraft in a special status space published in the AIP of Senegal unless this person has obtained authorization from the competent Authority in charge of said space.
  • Remotely piloted aircraft must not fly over military installations except with the consent of competent authorities.
  • Unless expressly authorized by the Authority, no one may operate a PAS in the vicinity:
    • within a radius of 1.5 km around the aerodrome reference point whose runway is less than 1200m.
    • within a radius of 3 km around the aerodrome reference point whose runway is more than 1200m and less than 2000m.
    • within a radius of 10 km around the reference point of the aerodrome whose runway is more than 2000m.
    • take-off and approach paths.
    • navigation aids.
    • the aerodrome circuit.
    • waiting zone in the terminal area.
  • Category A and B PAS must not be used beyond 300 feet (100 m) above ground.
  • The use of PAS intended for sports is carried out within aeromodelling associations in a location known and accepted by the Authority.
  • The use of PAS intended for sports with a mass between 5kg, and 25kg is carried out within aeromodelling associations.
  • Category B RPAS flights at the model aircraft association level must not be carried out at a height exceeding that specified by the Authority.
  • RPAS flights in the for-profit or professional use category cannot be carried out at a height exceeding that specified by the Authority.

AUTHORIZATION OF RPAS FOR LEISURE AND / OR PRIVATE PURPOSES (1A)

RPAS whose maximum take-off weight is less than or equal to 5 kg and intended exclusively for leisure.

Phase 1: Pre-application

The applicant contacts the Authority via any means of communication at his disposal (email, phone, mail, or travel to ANACIM) to share their project and intentions briefly. 

Once contact has been established, the Authority explains the different phases of the procedure to be followed to the applicant. It sends them a Guide relating to the authorization to operate an RPAS, as well as the SN-ALL-DSV-FORM-16 authorization request form.

The applicant submits his request made up of the following documents:

  1. A request for authorization addressed to the Director-General of ANACIM;
  2. The SN-ALL-DSV-FORM-16 form was duly completed and signed.
  3. A clear explanation of the project, mentioning the limits of the RPAS operating area.
  4. A certified copy of the identity document of the applicant (and/or legal guardian if a minor), or his passport.
  5. For a foreign requestor, justification of the use of the RPAS on the territory of Senegal.
  6. A recent identity photo of the applicant (less than three months);
  7. Description of the project or the proposed operation (including the type or reason for the operation, geographical areas, and limits), flight rule, line-of-sight flight operation if applicable, projected flight date, point of departure, destination, cruising speed, cruising levels, route to track, duration/frequency of flights
  8. Emergency procedures considering the failure of communications with the emergency services air traffic, command, and control link failure; and communications failure between the remote pilot and the RPA observer, if applicable.
  9. A copy of the remote pilot’s license or training certificate.
  10. The RPAS user manual.
  11. A copy of the general liability insurance contract
  12. An authorization from the Ministry of the Interior if the drone is equipped with a camera.
  13. Payment of the fee due to issuing an authorization to operate an RPAS (cf. decree N ° 2019-1120 of 07/08/2019)

The application package can be submitted electronically to drones@anacim.sn or by mail addressed to the Director-General, to be forwarded to the ANACIM Main Office.

Phase 2: Formal request

Upon receipt of the request, ANACIM appoints an inspector/project manager responsible for studying the file. This is the privileged interlocutor of the candidate with whom he will make contact.

The inspector/project manager assesses the completeness, relevance, and conformity of the documents submitted.

If satisfactory, the applicant is informed of the admissibility of his request, and the evaluation form SN-ALL-DSV-FORM-17 risk is sent to him.

Otherwise, the applicant is informed of the observations for the corrections to be made.

Phase 3: In-depth study of the documents submitted

The applicant informs and sends to ANACIM the risk assessment form SN-ALL-DSV FORM-17.

The inspector performs a detailed assessment of the documents submitted.

If satisfactory, the inspector/project manager informs the applicant and invites him to a demonstration flight.

Otherwise, the applicant is informed, and his file is returned to him with the observations for

After correction, the demonstration phase is programmed.

Phase 4: Demonstration and inspection

The applicant is invited to a demonstration flight. The objective of the meeting will be for the inspector / chief project to assess the mastery of the rules of the air and the use of the drone as well as the skill of the remote pilot, and for the applicant to present the specificities of the operation of his PAS according to the land. The applicant can also explain in more detail his intentions, the type of drone to use, and its applications.

The designated inspector and any other resource person deemed useful (expert, inspector) will participate in demonstration flights.

Phase 5: Issuance of the authorization

If the demonstration is satisfactory, the inspector/project manager informs the applicant and sends him the authorization.

Otherwise, the inspector/project manager invites the applicant (mail or email or phone) to another flight demonstration at least one (01) month after the date of the previous flights.

The authorization process is suspended or canceled at the end of the third attempt of unsatisfactory demonstration flights. However, the applicant can submit a new request after three (03) months of preparation.

Authorization to operate an RPAS for leisure purposes for a maximum period of one (1) renewable year is issued by the Director-General.

The RPAS is (are) registered in the register of identification of the RPAS of Senegal.

A certificate identification of the PAS in the fleet is issued to the applicant.

AUTHORIZATION OF RPAS OPERATED FOR AEROMODELLING PURPOSES / SPORT (1B, 2B)

RPAS whose maximum take-off weight is less than or equal to 25 kg and intended exclusively for aeromodelling and/or sport.

Phase 1: Pre-application

The applicant contacts the Authority via any means of communication at his disposal (email, phone, mail, or trip to ANACIM) to briefly share their project and intentions. Once contact has been established, the Authority explains to the applicant the different phases of the procedure to follow and send him this Guide SN-ALL-DSV-GUID-05 relating to the authorization to operate an RPAS, Annex 05 of RAS 06 relating to the regulation of remotely piloted aircraft systems in Senegal, as well as the SN-ALL-DSV-FORM-16 authorization request form.

The applicant submits his request made up of the following documents:

  1. a letter of request from the applicant describing his intentions and addressed to the Authority.
  2. the form SN-ALL-DSV-FORM-16 duly completed and signed.
  3. authorization from the operator or owner of the land or the administrative Authority competent.
  4. a copy of the statutes and internal regulations of the club or association of model aircraft.
  5. a commitment from the President of the club or association to respect the provisions regulations in force, in particular, Annex 5 to RAS 06 relating to aircraft systems remotely piloted (See Appendix 2 of Annex 5 to SIR 6 for the engagement model);
  6. A certified true copy of the applicant’s identity document or passport.
  7. For a foreign requestor, justification of the use of the RPAS on the territory of Senegal.
  8. the names and surnames of the principal officials and their criminal records dating back less than three months.
  9. A detailed description of the project or the proposed operation; the structure, the organization chart of the organization and a map of the land a description of the means and equipment intended training and information for members: a description of the different skills available among the organization’s management staff; emergency procedures considering the failure of the command-and-control link: and the loss of communications between the remote pilot and the RPA observer, if applicable. These descriptions can be separated or incorporated into the specific activity manual of the organization or association.
  10. A copy of the license or a training certificate for the remote pilot (s);
  11. A special operation manual, the RPAS maintenance, and the user manual.
  12. A copy of the insurance contract covering civil liability.
  13. An authorization from the Ministry of the Interior if the drone is equipped with a camera.
  14. Payment of the fee due to issuing an authorization to operate an RPAS (cf. decree N ° 2019-1120 of 07/08/2019)

The application could be submitted electronically to drones@anacim.sn or deposited at the main office of ANACIM.

Phase 2: Formal request

Upon receipt of the request, ANACIM appoints an inspector/project manager responsible for studying the file. This is the privileged interlocutor of the candidate with whom he will make contact.

The inspector/project manager briefly assesses the completeness, relevance, and compliance of documents submitted.

If satisfactory, the applicant is informed of the admissibility of his request, and the evaluation form SN-ALL-DSV-FORM-17 risk is sent to him.

Otherwise, the applicant is informed of the observations for the corrections to be made.

Phase 3 In-depth study of the documents submitted

The applicant informs and sends to ANACIM the risk assessment form SN-ALL-DSV FORM-17.

The inspector performs a detailed assessment of the documents submitted.

If satisfactory, the inspector/project manager informs the applicant, invites him to a demonstration flight, and inspects the site and security system.

Otherwise, the applicant is informed, and his file is returned to him with the observations for correction.

After correction, the demonstration phase is programmed.

Phase 4: Demonstration and inspection

The applicant is invited to a demonstration flight. The objective of the meeting will be for the inspector / chief project to assess the mastery of the rules of the air and the use of the drone as well as the skill of the remote pilot, and for the applicant to present the specificities of the operation of his RPAS according to the land. The applicant can also explain in more detail his intentions, the type of drone to use, and its applications.

The designated inspector and any other resource person deemed useful (expert, inspector) will participate in the demonstration flight.

Phase 5: Issuance of the authorization

If the demonstration is satisfactory, the inspector/project manager informs the applicant and sends him the authorization.

Otherwise, the inspector/project manager sends a letter inviting the applicant to another demonstration in flight at least one (01) month after the date of the previous flights. Finally, at the end of the third attempt at unsatisfactory demonstration flights, the authorization process is suspended, canceled, or resumed from the beginning, according to the report of the inspector/project manager.

The Director-General issued the authorization to operate a PAS for model aircraft making for a maximum validity period of one (01) year.

The RPAS is registered in the Senegalese PAS identification register.

A certificate identification of the PAS in the fleet is issued to the applicant.

AUTHORIZATION OF RPAS FOR PROFESSIONAL PURPOSES OR COMMERCIAL (1C, 2C)

RPAS is intended for professional or commercial use whose maximum take-off mass does not exceed 25 kg or whose empty mass (excluding payload) does not exceed 25 kg.

Phase 1: Pre-application

The applicant contacts the Authority via any means of communication at his disposal (email, phone, mail, or travel to ANACIM) to share their project and intentions briefly. Once contact has been established, the Authority explains to the applicant the different phases of the procedure to be followed and sends him this Guide SN-ALL-DSV-GUID-05 relating to the authorization to operate an SAP, Annex 05 of RAS 06 relating to the regulation of remotely piloted aircraft systems in Senegal, as well as SN-ALL-DSV-FORM-16 authorization request form.

The applicant submits his request made up of the following documents:

  1. an authorization request addressed to the Director-General of ANACIM.
  2. A certified true copy of the applicant’s identity document or passport (if no one physical).
  3. The name and contacts (email, phone) of the focal point.
  4. The SN-ALL-DSV-FORM-16 authorization request form is duly completed and signed.
  5. The statutes and registration references of the company after a member state of UEMOA (Name, National Identification Number of NINEA Companies and Associations.
  6. For foreigners, provide a mandate or a legal contract for the provision of services with a company registered in the trade register of the country or a UEMOA state or a mission order issued by a public entity of the State of Senegal.
  7. A detailed explanation of the proposed project or operation (including, type or reason for the operation, geographic areas, and limits), flight rules, line-of-sight flight operation if applicable, date of the intended flight, point of departure, destination, cruising speed, levels of cruising, route to follow, duration/frequency of flights; a detailed description of the areas of operation (maps, geographic coordinates, etc.); Detection and avoidance capabilities Procedures emergency (Fail-safe); Description and information on the payload, if applicable (the applicant must mention the mass of the drone without payload as well as the value maximum load);
  8. The call sign to be used in radiotelephone communications.
  9. A copy of the remote pilot’s license or certificate (s).
  10. The operations manual or ‘specific activities and the maintenance manual and/or the manual use of the drone (s).
  11. Submit a NOTAM request to ANACIM before the start of any activity.
  12. Copy of the insurance contract covering civil liability.
  13. An authorization from the Ministry of the Interior if the drone is equipped with a camera.
  14. Payment of the fee due to issuing an authorization to operate an RPAS (cf. decree N ° 2019-1120 of 07/08/2019)

The application package can be submitted electronically to drones@anacim.sn or deposited at the ANACIM courier office.

Phase 2: Formal request

Upon receipt of the request, ANACIM appoints a team and a project manager responsible for studying the file. This denier is the privileged interlocutor of the candidate with whom he will make contact.

The team assesses the completeness, relevance, and conformity of documents.

If satisfactory, the applicant is informed of the admissibility of his request, and the evaluation form risk SN-ALL-DSV-FORM-17 is sent to him.

Otherwise, the applicant is informed of the rejection of his application with the observations for the corrections to provide.

Phase 3: In-depth study of the documents submitted

The applicant informs and sends to ANACIM the risk assessment form SN-ALL-DSVFORM-17.

The inspector performs a detailed assessment of the documents submitted.

If satisfactory, the inspector/project manager informs the applicant, invites him to a demonstration flight, and inspects the site and security system.

Otherwise, the applicant is informed, and his file is returned to him with the observations for correction.

After correction, the demonstration phase is programmed.

Phase 4: Demonstration and inspection

The applicant is invited to a demonstration flight. The objective of the meeting will be for the inspector / chief project to assess mastery of the rules of the air and use of the drone as well as the pilot’s skill, and for the applicant to present the specificities of the operation of his RPAS on his site of activities or depending on the terrain. The applicant can also explain his intentions, the types of drones to use, and their applications in more detail.

Suppose the applicant’s fleet is equipped with several types of drones. In that case, the demonstration will consist of flights for each drone to provide inspectors with information regarding their ability to control their entire fleet.

The designated inspector and any other resource person deemed useful (expert, inspector) will participate in demonstration flights.

Phase 5: Issuance of the authorization

If the demonstration is satisfactory, the project manager informs the applicant and sends him the authorization letter.

Otherwise, the project manager sends a letter inviting the applicant to another flight demonstration at least one (01) month after the date of the previous flights.

At the end of the third unsatisfactory demonstration flight attempt, the authorization process is suspended, canceled, or resumed from the beginning, according to the report of the inspector/project manager.

Authorization to operate an RPAS for professional or commercial purposes for a period of maximum validity of one (01) year renewable is issued by the Director-General.

The RPAS is registered in the register of identification of the RPAS of Senegal.

A certificate identification of the PAS in the fleet is issued to the applicant.

EXCEPTIONAL RPAS AUTHORIZATION (1C, 2C)

For professional operating activities such as

  1. the public flyover.
  2. aerial events:
  3. operation in the vicinity of aerodromes
  4. overview of transport networks.
  5. overflight on the high seas.
  6. overflight of sensitive areas.
  7. or any other type of exploitation classified as exceptional,

The Director-General of ANACIM may, exceptionally and following the inspector’s opinion in charge of the study of the applicant’s file, issue an authorization based on a satisfactory safety assessment.

This authorization is issued to a candidate holding approval to operate an RPAS for professional or commercial use. If it is a new applicant, both (02) permits can be issued simultaneously.

However, remote piloting of RPAS from a moving vehicle is not permitted.

The application file and the authorization process are the same as the applicant professional/commercial (1C / 2C) described above

In addition, for overflight of public and sensitive areas, the Authority requires the operator that RPAS operator is equipped with a parachute ejection system and a fail-safe system according to the following specifications

For the parachute ejection system:

  • The parachute must be able to be triggered even if the piloting radio control does not work. A separate transmitter/receiver is therefore required for the parachute.
  • The aircraft must not fall more than 15 meters between the triggering of the parachute and its full deployment.
  • The triggering of the parachute must cut off the engines.
  • The power supply to the parachute control system on the ground and in the air must be independent of the drone power supply or the main remote control.
  • An audible alarm must indicate falling aircraft.
  • The parachute must be ejected and not deployed only by gravity.
  • The operation of the parachute must be able to be checked on the ground before each flight.

For the fail-safe system:

  • In the event of loss of the control link, the PAS must be equipped with a “fail-safe” mode automatically engaging to drive the aircraft to a predetermined point without deviating more than 5 meters from the trajectories initially planned.
  • A “home” return point must be defined before each flight. When the mode is triggered “Fail-safe,” the “home” point is the automatic landing point of the RPAS.
  • Depending on the case and the advice of the inspector in charge of the risk assessment, the Authority sets the automatic navigation height of the PAS to be integrated into the programming of the fail-safe mode in such a way that the automatic evolution of the PAS in the event of loss of the link compromises the protection of third parties on the ground and is compatible with any obstacles in the flight zone (e.g., adjusting the return flight height to the “home” point).

ISSUANCE OF PERMIT FOR THE OPERATION OF RPAS PER (3C)

RPAS is intended for professional or commercial operation with a maximum take-off weight exceeds 25 kg.

Phase 1: Pre-application

The applicant contacts the Authority via any means of communication at his disposal (email, phone, mail, or travel to ANACIM) to share their project and intentions briefly. Once contact has been established, the Authority explains the postulating of the different phases of the procedure to follow. Finally, it sends him the Guide SN-ALL-DSV-GUID-05 relating to the authorization to operate an RPAS, Annex 05 of RAS 06 relating to the regulation of remotely piloted aircraft systems in Senegal, as well as the SN-ALL-DSV-FORM-16 authorization request form.

The applicant submits his request at least three (03) months before the planned date of the operations. It will consist of the following documents:

  1. A request for an RPAS operating permit (PER) addressed to the General Manager of ANACIM.
  2. A certified copy of the identity document or passport and a copy of the criminal record less than three (03) months of the applicant:
  3. The name and contacts (email, phone) of the focal point.
  4. The SN-ALL-DSV-FORM-16 authorization request form is duly completed and signed.
  5. The articles of association and registration references of the company with a member state of UEMOA (National Identification Number of Companies and Associations NINEA);
  6. For foreigners, provide a mandate or a legal contract for the provision of services with a company registered in the trade register of the country or a UEMOA state or a mission order issued by a public entity of the State of Senegal.
  7. Description of the project or the proposed operation (including the type or reason for the operation, areas geographical and limits), flight rules, line-of-sight flight operations if applicable, date of planned flight, point of departure, destination, cruising speed, cruising levels, route to follow, duration/frequency of flights • has the call sign to be used in communications radiotelephone; the number and location of remote piloting stations as well as the transfer procedures between remote piloting stations, If applicable; Capacities of detection and avoidance; Emergency procedures (Fail-safe); a detailed description of the zones operation (maps, geographic coordinates, etc.) Explanation and information on the merchant charge, if applicable.
  8. A copy of the remote pilot (s) license or certificate and documentation of each remote pilot (CV, identity document, criminal record less than three (03) months old, and any other document required by the Authority.
  9. The Manual of operations or specific activities of the company.
  10. documentation of each remotely piloted aircraft, including a maintenance manual and/or a user manual, flight manual, or equivalent document.
  11. emergency procedures including failure of:
    • two-way communications with ATC
    • command and control link; and
    • in communications between the remote pilot and the RPA observer, if applicable (these procedures can be written separately or integrated into a specific operation manual).
  12. an SMS manual and a safety program or integrate them into the operations manual.
  13. Submit a NOTAM request to ANACIM before the start of any activity:
  14. Copy of the insurance contract covering civil liability.
  15. An authorization from the Ministry of the Interior if the drone is equipped with a camera:
  16. Payment of the fee due to the issuance of RPAS operating permits (cf. decree N ° 2019-1120 of 07/08/2019).

The application package can be submitted electronically to drones@anacim.sn or deposited at the ANACIM courier office.

Phase 2: Formal request

Upon receipt of the request, ANACIM appoints a team and a project manager responsible for studying the file. This evaluator is the privileged interlocutor of the candidate with whom he will make contact.

The team briefly assesses the completeness, relevance, and conformity of documents.

If satisfactory, the applicant is informed of the admissibility of his request, and the evaluation form SN-ALL-DSV-FORM-17 risk is sent to him.

Otherwise, the applicant is informed of the rejection of his application with the observations for the corrections to provide.

Phase 3: Document evaluation

The applicant informs and sends to ANACIM the risk assessment form SN-ALL-DSV FORM-17.

The team performs a detailed assessment of the documents submitted.

If satisfactory, the inspector/project manager informs the applicant, invites him to a demonstration flight, and inspects the site and security system.

Otherwise, the applicant is informed, and his file is returned to him with the observations for correction.

After correction, the demonstration phase is programmed.

Phase 4: Inspection and Demonstration

The applicant is invited to a demonstration flight. The objective of the meeting will be for the inspector / chief project to assess mastery of the rules of the air and use of the drone as well as the pilot’s skill, and for the applicant to present the specificities of the operation of his RPAS on his site activities or depending on the terrain. The applicant can also explain his intentions, the types of drones to use, and their applications in more detail. If the applicant’s fleet is equipped with various kinds of drones, the demonstration will consist of flying each type of drone to prove to the inspectors have a perfect command of remote piloting of the kinds of drones that make up its fleet.

The designated inspector and any other resource person deemed useful (expert, inspector) will participate in demonstration flights. They will take the opportunity to inspect the structure and organization of the applicant as well that the safety and security system put in place.

The inspection will also target the personnel, facilities, and equipment of the operator dedicated to:

  • Flight preparation
  • Flight tracking.
  • Staff training.
  • RPAS continuing airworthiness management:
  • The PAS maintenance program:
  • Management of spare parts.
  • Etc.

Phase 5: Issuance of the RPAS operating permit (PER)

If the inspections and demonstrations are satisfactory, the project manager informs the applicant and forwards the authorization mail.

Otherwise, the project manager sends a letter inviting the applicant to another flight demonstration at least one (01) month after the previous unsatisfactory flights. At the end of the third inadequate demonstration flight attempt, the operating permit application process of RPAS may be suspended, canceled, or resumed from the beginning depending on the inspector/head of the project report.

The RPAS operating permit (PER) issued by the Director-General to PAS operators for professional or commercial purposes has a maximum validity period of one (01) renewable year. Operating specifications accompany it.

The RPAS (s) is (are) registered in the Senegalese PAS identification register.

A certificate’ identification of the RPAS of the fleet is issued to the applicant

Note for Foreign Operators

If you’re traveling to Senegal and want to bring your drone, ANACIM lists these special considerations for foreigners who wish to fly drones:

  • You must obtain an import license from ANACIM before entering the country with your drone.
  • You must obtain a letter of Approval from ANACIM to fly a drone for any purpose in Senegal.

Notes for recreational drone pilots flying for fun in Senegal

Follow the general rules listed above, but check for updates by visiting the regulator’s links provided.


Notes for Commercial Drone Services operations in Senegal

See general rules above


Useful published information on flying drones in Senegal

Here is a sample of what you might expect if you follow the drone laws and fly in Senegal…

NOTE: Small Unmanned Aerial Systems (SUAS), Small UAS, Remote Piloted Aerial Systems (RPAS), unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), Unmanned Aerial System (UAS), and drone are interchangeable terms unless specified. Model aircraft, toy aircraft, Remote controlled aircraft, and RC aircraft may be covered by the same regulations unless specified.


Traveling with a Drone?

Click here to read our Comprehensive Guide For Traveling With A Drone



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IMPORTANT NOTE

The content on this site is collated by volunteers from public general information. This material is not presented as legal advice of any kind, and we cannot guarantee that the information is accurate, complete, or up-to-date. Do not substitute the information you find here for legal advice from a licensed attorney who is authorized to practice in the jurisdiction. When in doubt, contact the local aviation authority responsible for drone safety, utilize a licensed drone service operator, and/or consult a qualified attorney.

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